Gatekeeper (Pyronia tithonus)

Male. (The dark smudge in the centre of the forewing distinguishes the sexes).
Male. (The dark smudge in the centre of the forewing distinguishes the sexes).
Female
Female
This species is quite variable and can have extra spots, as in this male.
This species is quite variable and can have extra spots, as in this male.
Underside. The small white dots on hind-wing (variable in number) allow this species to be distinguished from other browns. So too does the double eye-spot on the forewing (but occasional Meadow Browns have double eye-spots too, so this is less reliable).
Underside. The small white dots on hind-wing (variable in number) allow this species to be distinguished from other browns. So too does the double eye-spot on the forewing (but occasional Meadow Browns have double eye-spots too, so this is less reliable).
 
Information

NERC Act S41: Not listed
Local status: Colonial, common and widespread. One of our most abundant species, but seemingly declined in abundance in recent years.
Size: Medium.
Larval foodplant: Various fine-leaved grasses
No. of broods: One
Flight time(s): Early July to late August.
Winter: Larva
Habits: As its alternative name, Hedge Brown, implies, it spends most of its time in the vicinity of sunny hedges and shrubs and is often adundant.
Habitats: The margins of unimproved grassland, road verges and woodland rides. Loves brambles and other nectar sources in the right habitat.
Distribution:

Normalized Weekly Abundance


Flight time graph


No. of Adults

Number of adults
No. of 1km Squares

Number of 1km squares
No. of Records

Number of records
No. of Adults per record

Adults per record
Percentage of all adults

Percentage of all adults reported (of all species) in each year
Percentage of all records

Percentage of all butterfly records
No. of adults per 10,000 records

Number of adults in every 10,000 butterfly records (of all species)